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What Is Urology Doctor?

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What Is Urology Doctor?

Urology Doctor - A urologist is a specialist who studies the science of the urinary tract (urology). Urology is a field of medicine that focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of urinary tract diseases, both men and women.

To become a urology specialist, a general practitioner needs to continue his education in a urology specialist for approximately ten semesters to get an Sp.U (Urology Specialist) degree.

Urologists can diagnose and treat urinary tract disorders, either by administering drugs or by operating procedures.



Field of Work of Urologist

Urologists generally only treat conditions related to the urinary tract. Here are some subspecialties from the field of urology, namely:
  •     Male infertility (and urology)

    Focus on dealing with problems related to fertility and the health of male reproductive organs.
  •     Female Urology

    A urologist who focuses on female urinary tract disorders.
  •     Pediatric Urology

    A urologist who focuses on urinary tract problems in children.
  •     Neurourology

    A urologist who focuses on urinary tract problems caused by nervous system disorders.
  •     Urology Oncology

    A urologist who focuses on treating cancer or tumors in the urinary tract system, including bladder, kidney, prostate and testicular cancers.
  •     Reconstructive Urology

    The field of urology focuses on surgical techniques to improve the structure and function of the urinary tract.
  •     Endourology

    Urology medicine that treats urinary tract disorders, such as urinary tract stones, with minimally invasive methods (using small incisions).Urology Doctor - In addition to providing treatment, the urologist is responsible for providing education to prevent disease, evaluate the results of treatment, and treat the patient's condition after surgery.

If patients require special treatment, urologists can work with doctors from other specialties, such as oncologists, radiologists, internal medicine doctors, and obstetricians, to assist with the treatment process.



Diseases and Conditions Treated by a Urologist

The following are the conditions and diseases handled by the urologist based on the group of patients, namely:
  •     In men

    Cancer of the urinary tract (kidney, bladder, prostate gland, penis, testis, and adrenal gland), problems in the prostate such as enlarged prostate gland (BPH) and prostatitis, kidney disease including kidney stones and kidney failure, penile deformities such as phimosis and Peyronie's disease, urinary tract infection (UTI), and inflammation of the veins in the scrotum or varicocele, urinary incontinence, infertility, erectile dysfunction, and cystitis.


  •     In women

    Bladder prolapse, as well as cancers that occur in the bladder, kidneys and adrenal glands. Female urinary tracts that can also be treated by urologists include cystitis, kidney stones, overactive bladder, urinary tract infections, and urinary incontinence.


  •     In children

    Urinary tract disorders that cause the child to wet the bed, the urinary tract is blocked or has problems, hypospadias, and episodes, and the testicles do not go down.

A Urologist took actions.

In determining the diagnosis, the urologist will ask for the chief complaint or symptom of the disease experienced, then do a physical examination. After that, the urologist can recommend that you take several tests to determine the correct diagnosis, including:
  • Imaging tests, such as X-rays, urography, CT scans, MRI, or ultrasound, to check the urinary tract.
  • Photocopying or procedures using special examination equipment (cystoscopy), to see the channel and the birth
  • Laboratory tests, including complete blood tests and urine tests to look for bacteria that cause infection or see abnormal substances in the urine.
  • Urine residual test after urinating, to find out how fast urine exits the body when urinating. This test also shows the volume of urine left in the bladder after urinating.

After making a diagnosis, the urologist can prescribe medications and supplements to support treatment. However, under certain conditions, the urologist can advise patients to undergo surgery. The following types of operations performed by a urologist: