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The Profession Of Radiology Specialist



The Profession Of Radiology Specialist

The Profession Of Radiology Specialist - Radiology or radiological experts are specialist doctors who focus on radiological examinations to detect, assist with diagnosis and treat diseases using imaging procedures, such as X-rays, CT scans, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), nuclear medicine, and ultrasound.

In Indonesia, to get a radiology specialist (Sp.Rad), a general practitioner must take a radiology specialist education program for seven semesters. Radiology is medical science that uses radiation to scan the inner body, to detect and treat diseases.

Field of Work for Radiologists

Radiology doctors have an important role in examining and diagnosing various abnormalities from all fields of medical specialization, especially surgery, orthopedics, internal medicine, child / pediatrics, pulmonology (pulmonary), cardiology (heart & blood vessels), neurology (nerve), ENT ( Ear, Nose and Throat), eyes, forensics, and obstetrics and gynecology. Radiological examination is carried out with different devices, according to indications and requests from the referring doctor.

Radiology medicine can divide into several main fields, namely:

General radiology (diagnostic radiology)

The field of radiology focuses on examining and diagnosing the causes and symptoms experienced by patients. This examination also plays a role in evaluating the condition and the results of patient care. The most common types of diagnostic radiological examinations include:


  • Ultrasound (Ultrasonography)
  • Fluoroscopy
  • Mammography (imaging X-rays of the breast)
  • Angiography (Special X-ray of arteries and veins)
  • CT (Computed Tomography) scan
  • MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging)
  • Positron Emission Tomography (PET imaging, PET scan, or PET-CT when combined with a CT scan)
  • Nuclear imaging.

Under certain conditions, radiology specialists will use particular substances called contrast substances to sharpen and improve image quality, so that detection and diagnosis of the disease can do better.

Scientifically, the general radiology field divides into several subspecialties, including:

  • Head and neck radiology
  • Chest radiology (thorax)
  • Child radiology
  • Radiology of the urinary tract and genital organs
  • Breast Radiology
  • Interventional radiology and blood vessel heart (cardiovascular)
  • Radiology of bones and muscles (musculoskeletal)
  • Gastrointestinal radiology
  • Neuroradiology or radiology of the nervous system and brain
  • Nuclear medicine

Radiology intervention

The Profession Of Radiology Specialist - In interventional radiology medicine, radiology specialists use imaging, such as CT scans, ultrasound, MRI, and fluoroscopy, to help guide specific medical procedures. This imaging is useful for assisting doctors too when installing a catheter or inserting a surgical instrument through a small incision into the patient's body.

Interventional radiological examinations are often involved in the treatment of cancer or tumors, blockages in arteries and veins, uterine fibroids, back pain, liver and kidney disease, lung disorders, urinary and gastrointestinal tract disorders, to brain problems such as strokes.

Interventional radiology procedures include angiography and ring placement (stenting) in blood vessels, embolization to control bleeding, tumor ablation, fine needle biopsy on specific organs, breast biopsy, placement of feeding tubes (NGT or nasogastric tube), until catheter access to venous access.

Radiology Oncology

The radiologist in this field is in charge of prescribing and supervising every treatment plan for cancer patients using radiation therapy (radiotherapy). The oncology radiology doctor will also monitor the progress of the patient's condition, and adjust the patient's treatment.

The assignment of a Radiologist

The main tasks of the radiology specialist include:
  • Determine the most effective and safe imaging test method for patients.
  • Carry out radiological examinations with the radiographer (radiology technician).
  • Analyze, evaluate, and read the results of the patient's radiological examination.
  • Determine the type of abnormality and the severity of the condition suffered by the patient.
  • Suggest a follow-up examination or treatment for the patient, if needed.

Clinical Authority of Radiologist

There are various clinical authorities in the radiology specialist. Following are the clinical authorities of the radiology specialist according to their fields:
  • Field of chest radiology (thorax)

The radiological examination procedure carried out includes conventional radiography (chest x-ray), chest CT scan, pleural ultrasound.
  • Musculoskeletal field

The radiological examination procedures performed include bone and muscle X-ray, bone CT scan, bone MRI, bone scan, and ultrasound (Doppler) joints and soft tissues.