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If The Rainy Season Makes you More Sad or Stressed?

If The Rainy Season Makes you More Sad or Stressed?

If The Rainy Season - When the rainy season you feel the mood or mood becomes worse than usual? It's okay; you are not alone. The study found that when it rains, it can indeed affect a person's emotional state.

When the sky is cloudy, and rain falls, some people feel alone, sad and less confident. In another study, was found, that when it rains more uploads will be negative or memorable "upset" on social media. This phenomenon has a scientific explanation.

Effect of Weather, Temperature, and Exposure to Sunlight

In research found, changes in weather can affect a person's psychological condition. Might make people feel bored, tired, irritable, even trigger mood disorders associated with depression and headaches.

Mood can indeed influence by the atmosphere of the environment, such as temperature, exposure to sunlight, and the level of moisture in the air. It was also found that a moist environment can make people more difficult to concentrate and more easily drowsy.

Lack of exposure to sunlight turns out to associate with low levels of melatonin and serotonin, as well as disturbances in sleep patterns, weight gain, and a desire to always eat carbohydrates. This limited supply of serotonin makes it easier for people to stress during the rainy season.

In western countries, the summer that reaches its peak in June is the time of the most cheerful people. Conversely, winter is a period where people are more easily depressed. This condition knows as a seasonal affective disorder (SAD), which is now also called major depressive disorder (MDD) or season-related depression.

Things that can make you stay cheerful when it rains

The rainy season will affect your mood more, especially in people who are very sensitive. The characteristics of sensitive people include being easily surprised, feeling overwhelmed if exposed to excessive light or hearing noise, easily carried away by other people's moods and easily affected by the effects of caffeine.

However, don't worry. There is always a way to stay cheerful in the rainy season. Here are some tips that you can do:

  • Turn on the lights or into a bright place

If the rain makes you sad and wants to stay at home, turn on the lights. Light can increase serotonin levels which can improve mood.
  • Stepping out of the house

If the rain is not dangerous, a little force yourself out of the house helps improve the mood. Even though it's raining, it's still possible that there is exposure to UV rays that can help regulate the body's circadian rhythms. Circadian rhythms are changes in physical, mental, and bodily behavior for a day.
  • Do fun activities

If you feel safer at home, you can try doing fun activities, such as watching comedies, playing games or reading books.
  • Indoor sports

If The Rainy Season - Sports done indoors can be the right choice. Exercise can produce endorphins that make your mood more positive, increase self-confidence and vitality. To be more enthusiastic, you can do movements accompanied by music or follow the movement guidelines from the internet.
  • Spend time with other people

Rain, when you are alone, can make a bad mood or feel your condition is worse than reality. Try spending time with other people who are also in a similar situation, or contact a friend by phone or video call.

So when falling raindrops make you feel sad or remember painful memories, you don't need to feel guilty. However, don't let yourself dissolve in sadness. Do the above to stay positive and cheerful in the rainy season.

How Dads Cope With The Baby Blues

How Dads Cope With The Baby Blues

Dads Cope With The Baby Blues - Mothers do not only experience baby blues, you know. According to research, about 62% of fathers also experience baby blues, at least during the first four months after the birth of a baby. Come on, Daddy, find out how to overcome it!

The cause of baby blues in fathers can vary. However, generally, the risk of depression will be higher if his wife also experiences a similar condition. Unfortunately, stress on your father can be even worse because your father may not use to expressing his feelings.

Generally, men are always considered more resilient and logical. Is what makes fathers more challenging to ask for help when feeling anxious and out of control. Even though this is a very human thing and a solution must found.
Know Yourself

Father must remember that if one, especially the two parents are not mentally healthy, the Little One can feel the adverse effects. Depressed parents generally communicate less often with children, let alone sing or read stories. Instead, they will find it easier to commit violence, including their children.

To detect whether you have a baby blues, try asking yourself a few things below:

  • Am I losing my appetite, or vice versa, more hungry?
  • Do I often feel unwell?
  • Am I withdrawing from social interaction?
  • Am I angry, trapped, or have no hope for the future?
  • Have I ever thought that I am not the right man to accompany my wife and child?
Also, some fathers who experience the baby blues may unconsciously change habits, such as spending time working more extended hours in the office or drinking alcoholic beverages even though the period after childbirth is a time when mother and child need support from Father.
Get out of the Baby Blues, yeah!

Well, so that you don't get caught up in the baby blues for too long, you can try to overcome it in some ways below:

  •     Express feelings

Dads Cope With The Baby Blues - Fathers need to realize that harboring feelings and problems themselves will not solve the problem. Therefore, expressing opinions to others will make Father understand that there is a problem in Father, but at the same time also realize that Father is not alone in living it.

If talking to your partner feels uncomfortable or burdensome, you can try to talk to other family members or closest friends. Speaking with others and listening to their responses, especially those who are already parents, will help Dad to find a different perspective.

  •     Do self-care

After spending most of the time caring for the Little One, Father and Mother also have to take care of their well-being by adopting a healthy diet, exercise, meditation or doing any activities to reduce the mental stress caused by parenthood, including lowering the baby blues.
  •     Keep the routine stable.

To help overcome the baby blues, Father also has to maintain daily routines, such as eating and sleeping on time. No less important, stay away from smoking or consuming alcohol when under stress, depression, or experiencing other problems in life.
  •     Do not push yourself.

Delaying making big decisions is better done when Dad has a baby blues. If necessary, discuss the decision with someone else who can be trusted. Also, avoid doing many things at the same time, and separate large tasks into small tasks.

Various adjustments as new parents and other responsibilities may be a burden to my mind for Father. For that, try to manage stress better so that this condition can be resolved immediately, and not get worse.

There are times when the baby blues develop into depression. Approximately 10% of men in the world are detected experiencing depression after their wives give birth. Therefore, if this condition does not subside in a few weeks, it's good that you immediately consult a psychiatrist or psychologist.

Fathers also need to be vigilant if they always feel anxious and exhausted, withdrawing from their families, easily angry, no longer interested in doing activities that are usually fun, after the baby is born. Some of these conditions can indicate that you are experiencing the baby blues.

As well as mothers, especially new mothers, fathers also need support and strengthening when entering a new critical phase in life, namely having children. It hopes that good cooperation with partners and family support can help Father and Mother stay physically and mentally healthy, so they are ready to take care of Little One.

Learn About the Different Types of Condoms and a Way of Life

Learn About the Different Types of Condoms and a Way of Life

Different Types of Condoms - Most people consider all condoms the same. Even though there are many types of condoms that you can choose according to your needs, some made of latex or polyurethane; some are lubricated or not, some contain spermicides, some are even available with various textures and aromas.

The selection of condoms can adjust to the needs of the wearer. Condoms need to be used correctly and adequately, to be able to protect you and your partner from the risks of pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases effectively.

  • Various Types of Condoms You Need to Know

To get the type of condom that suits your needs, let's look at the types of condoms that are on the market below:
  • Latex condoms

    The most widely used kind of condom made from latex. The level of effectiveness of condoms with this ingredient in delaying pregnancy is reasonably high as long as it uses correctly. Unfortunately, latex ingredients can cause allergic reactions in some people.
  • Plastic condoms

    There are also condoms made from other materials, such as polyurethane or polyisoprene. Both types of condoms are also considered useful in protecting you from various sexually transmitted diseases, and unwanted pregnancies.
  • Sheepskin condoms

    Even though it is called a sheepskin condom, it made from sheep's intestine. However, condoms with this ingredient are only useful in delaying pregnancy and cannot protect you from sexually transmitted diseases because this condom texture has pores, just like human skin.
  • Condoms with lubricants

    Different Types of Condoms - This condo equipped with a thin layer of lubricating liquid. Its function is to prevent irritation and pain due to friction during sex and prevent condoms from tearing. Condoms make you feel more comfortable. At present, almost all condoms sold on the market have lubricated.

Also, there are also types of condoms that contain spermicide, which is a sperm killer. This type of condom is considered more effective in helping delay pregnancy. However, sometimes, the content of spermicide added to the condom is also not enough to kill sperm.

To be more effective, you can use spermicides that are separate from the condom. Choose a spermicide containing octoxynol-9, and avoid spermicides that contain nonoxynol-9 because there is a possibility of irritating the genital area. If this happens, the risk of transmitting sexually transmitted diseases can increase.

How to use the right condom

Knowing the type of condom on the market is still not enough. You also want to know how to treat and use condoms correctly.

Consider the following tips:

  • Read the packaging label to find out the ingredients used in the condom.
  • Check the expiration date, do not use condoms that have been to
  • Store in a dry and cold place, avoid condoms exposed to direct sunlight which can cause condoms to leak or damage.
  • Check condoms before use. Do not use if there is damage, such as a hole, even if only the size of the pinhole.
  • When using a condom, leave a little space at the tip of the penis. It intends that when the sperm comes out, it will accommodate at the end of the condom. If you don't leave space, chances are that the condom will tear.
  • If the condom feels damaged or torn during intercourse, then stop and immediately remove your penis, replace it with a new condom.
  • Use condoms only for single use, to maintain their level of effectiveness in delaying pregnancy and preventing sexually transmitted diseases.

Knowing the type of condom is crucial so you can choose the one that suits your needs. Don't forget, always read the instructions for use on the condom packaging label before using, so that the condom can function optimally.

7 Ways to Encourage Work Spirit After Long Holidays

7 Ways to Encourage Work Spirit After Long Holidays

Spirit After Long Holidays - Many people find it hard to go back to work after a long holiday. However, don't worry, because there are also some ways you can do so you can get back to work.

There are various holiday benefits, including increasing work productivity and creativity. It's just that, work morale often decreases when it comes to returning to work, after a long holiday. Come on, find out how to restore your work spirit.

Tips for Productive Returns After Vacationing

Before returning to work, first give yourself a chance to rest at home, after a long vacation. Try to get home, at least one day before returning to work. Getting enough rest will make you regain energy and prevent you from experiencing stress

Besides that, there are six other things you can do, namely:

  • Prepare luggage from the night before

For some people, experiencing one small mistake in the morning can damage the mood all day. To prevent this, you can prepare all your needs or luggage at night. So, you can focus on doing your daily routine again, starting from the morning.
  • Do light exercise

If possible, you can also get up faster in the morning to do light activity. Light use for around 10-30 minutes in the morning is useful to restore your spirit. No need for strenuous exercise, you can walk, jog, or jog, to restore enthusiasm and productivity.
  • Eat nutritious food

Don't forget too, consume nutritious food to restore enthusiasm. Foods that can be the right choice for you are nuts, fish, wheat and bananas. However, make sure you consume it in a portion that is not too big. Excessive eating will make you tired and sleepy, thus reducing fighting spirit.
  • Tidy up your desk

The first thing you can do after arriving at the office is tidying up the counter. The condition of a neat work desk will make your mood right, so you can be even more excited in going through the first day back to work.
  • Think about things that make you happy

To maintain a good mood, you can also think about things that make you happy, such as talking to pleasant office friends, delicious lunches and a comfortable working atmosphere.
  • Do the easiest task

Spirit After Long Holidays - After tidying up the office desk, you can start compiling a list of things to do. Do the easiest or most urgent work first. On the first day of work, focus on getting back to work. Do not force yourself to do everything, set the priority scale for your work.

Do the above methods so that you are still eager to work after a long holiday. You can, exchange experiences while on vacation with your colleagues, but don't get too late until you keep comparing between work and vacation time.

Holidays should help you refresh your mind, so you don't get bored and refocus and be more creative when you return to work. If you feel a decrease in the enthusiasm of your work is very disturbing, do not hesitate to consult a psychologist to get the right advice and solutions.

How To Improve Your Immune

How To Improve Your Immune

How To Improve Your Immune - The immune system or immune system has a vital role in maintaining health. The body's immunity must appropriately manage, so it is not susceptible to disease.

Various ways can be done to increase body immunity, including applying a healthy lifestyle, avoiding stress, taking supplements so that the immune system remains excellent.

Applying a Healthy Lifestyle

So that the body's immunity can work optimally so that the body is not susceptible to disease, it is essential to adopt a healthy lifestyle. Here are some steps that can be taken to maintain and enhance body immunity:
  • Expand to eat vegetables and fruit

    To support and increase body immunity, you are advised to increase the consumption of vegetables and fruit. Research shows, people who consume a lot of both types of food, tend not easy to get sick. Is because vitamins and minerals contained in vegetables and fruits can strengthen the body's immune system against viruses and bacteria that cause disease.

  • Enough rest

    Sleep deprivation can reduce body immunity. It is vital to meet the needs of sleep according to your age. Generally, adults need about 7-8 hours of sleep, and teens need about 9-10 hours of sleep.

  • Avoid stress

    Uncontrolled stress can increase the production of the hormone cortisol. In the long run, an increase in the hormone cortisol can cause a decrease in immune function. It would be best if you managed stress well to avoid decreasing immune function.

  • Exercise regularly

    It is recommended to routinely exercise for 30 minutes every day, to increase the body's immune system to fight infection. One cheap and easy activity to do is walk.

  • Avoid cigarettes and alcohol

    Exposure to cigarette smoke and excessive drinking can damage the immune system. Smokers have a high risk of developing lung infections, such as bronchitis and pneumonia. While for smokers who are also alcoholics, the risk for lung infections will be even higher.

Supplements to Improve Body Immunity

How To Improve Your Immune - In addition to implementing a healthy lifestyle, some people choose to take supplements to increase the body's immunity. Consumption of supplements may be an option to supplement a less nutritious diet.

If you are considering taking body immunity enhancing supplements, find the ingredients contained in these supplements. Some of the following elements can be useful to increase resistance or endurance:

  • Echinacea

    Supplements containing echinacea recommend. Besides being able to improve your immune system, echinacea is believed to be beneficial as an antiviral, anti-inflammatory, and antioxidant. Therefore, this ingredient is supposed to help the body fight the flu-causing virus, promote cell growth, and control blood sugar levels and blood pressure.

  • Morinda citrifolia or noni fruit

    This fruit known as Noni contains various kinds of substances that the body needs. For example potassium contained in noni can increase stamina and immunity, and repair cell damage. However, you who have a history of kidney disease, heart disease, or liver disease, are advised to avoid consuming supplements that contain none. We recommend that you consult a doctor before taking this supplement.

  • Phyllanthus or meniran leaves

    Although it requires further research, meniran leaves are considered to contain various kinds of compounds that are beneficial for health. For example, the antioxidant content found in meniran leaves functions against free radicals and strengthens the body's immune system.

  • Contains vitamins B6, C, and E

    Supplements containing vitamin B6, vitamin C, and vitamin E recommend. These three vitamins can benefit the body to increase the body's immune system more optimally.

Applying a healthy lifestyle is the best step in maintaining and increasing body immunity. However, in some conditions, consuming body immunity enhancing supplements may be needed. It is recommended to consult a doctor before taking it, especially if you have certain medical conditions. Doctors can recommend supplements according to your health condition, with the right dosage.

How To Keep Your Child

How To Keep Your Child

Keep Your Child - Mother was in the kitchen for a while, but suddenly there was the sound of the Little One crying loud as she fell. In addition to immediately checking his condition, Mother needs to know how to quickly handle it.

It's okay if the little one actively runs to and fro, climbs, jumps, to reach for anything around him. However, in order not to panic against it, besides keeping the furniture and the house safe, Mother also needs to be prepared to deal with the injuries that the Little One might experience at any time.

Handle Injury Properly

When an injury occurs, you need to be alert to relieve the pain that your child is experiencing immediately. If the damage is severe enough, then you need to understand what temporary help you can do, until a doctor treats your child.

Below are some conditions that are often experienced by children and need to address immediately:

  • Bruises

Place a cold compress on the bruise. To compress, you can use ice cubes coated with cloth or in compress packs. The mother needs to take the child to the doctor if the affected part is full, swollen, or continues to hurt.
  • Nosebleed

When a child experiences a nosebleed, invite the child to bend his head slightly forward, then pinch his nose, just below the nose bone. Hold and coat hands with a towel for 10-15 minutes to absorb the remaining flowing bleeding. It took a while for the nosebleed to stop — no need to clog your nose with tissue or cotton.

Do not leave the child in a backward position. This position can make blood enter the esophagus and swallowing, so it will likely make him want to vomit. Also, passing snot or exhaling too tightly through the nose can also trigger nosebleeds to occur again. Therefore, tell Little One not to do this for several hours.

Immediately take the Little One to the Emergency Installation (IGD), if within half an hour the nose doesn't stop, or if Mother thinks a nosebleed doesn't cause the bleeding, but because the nose broke.

  • Broken tooth or date

Keep Your Child - When teeth are broken or dated, you should take your child to the dentist or hospital. If the date is a permanent tooth, if possible, place the tooth back into the gum where it grows. If not possible, you can store it in a closed container that given saliva or milk. Stop bleeding by asking the child to bite the gauze or cotton ball on the loose part of the tooth.
  • Bleeding Wound

Bleeding wounds are severe if the blood does not stop, even after being pressed for a few minutes. Clean the wound with running water, make sure the water quality is immaculate. If you are unsure, you can use bottled mineral water. Avoid cleaning wounds with alcohol, antiseptics or hydrogen peroxide. Apart from feeling sick, the ingredient can make the wound heal slowly due to irritation.

If blood is still flowing after bandaging, press the wound for 15 minutes while keeping the injured part higher than the body so that the bleeding stops. However, the mother needs to immediately take her to the emergency room if the bleeding does not stay more than 15 minutes, accompanied by a broken bone, or if the wound is so severe that the tissue appears under the skin.

  • Head injury

Head injuries that are not severe, such as stumbling, can be dealt with by compressing the injured part with an ice-filled bag wrapped in a towel. Do not let the child immediately return to play. He needs to rest first, even if he has only a minor injury.

Immediately take the child to the hospital or emergency room if a head injury causes fainting, vomiting, confusion or anxiety, severe headaches, difficulty walking, drowsiness, neck pain, or hand tingling.

To quickly deal with injuries, don't forget to provide a first aid kit at home. After the child has injuries, please pay attention to his condition for at least 24 hours. Do not hesitate to immediately take him to the nearest hospital or pediatrician, if something seems abnormal or if the child continues to complain of pain. It expects that proper treatment of injuries to the Little One will make the condition heal faster.

How To Maintain Safety

How To Maintain Safety

Maintain Safety - One of the fundamental rights for workers in Indonesia that is mandatory is the protection of occupational health and safety. The implementation of the security of the above problems is the responsibility of all parties, both the government, companies and the community.

The implementation of occupational health and safety must be cultivated to prevent work accidents and work-related illnesses. There Is in line with the rules issued by the International Labor Organization (ILO). Is a concern, given the high mortality rate due to accidents and occupational diseases.

Participating in Pressing Work Accidents

Based on international data from the ILO, it found that more than 300 million accidents occur in the workplace each year. Also, there are 2.3 million deaths per year due to illness or injury caused by work. In Indonesia, the construction sector contributes 30% of the total accidents experienced by workers.

For the number of workplace accidents to decline, all parties should participate. The following are some guidelines for industrial owners in improving the health and safety aspects of their workers:

  • Understand the risks that might arise

    To minimize the risk of workplace accidents, be sure to find out what risks might occur related to occupational health and safety in the field underway. This step is called risk assessment. After knowing the dangers that might result, then consider the steps that need to be taken to protect workers at the work site.
  • Entrust to competent parties

    In handling occupational health and safety issues, it is recommended to appoint one responsible party to manage it. People who are skilled in this matter usual have acquired the skills and licenses from the authorized institution.
  • Describe clearly

    Describe clearly the duties of each party in managing matters related to occupational health and safety at the work site. Provide clarity of responsibility about who, what, when and how to do it. It, not only concern who is responsible but also should cover technical aspects in the field.
  • Work on workers

    Maintain Safety - It is obligatory for owners or management of the industry to provide guidance, especially to new workers, such as the introduction of work environments, duties and responsibilities, leadership in preventing accidents, and how to extinguish fires.
  • Provide sufficient knowledge to workers

    Provide adequate information about health and safety at work, to each party concerned. Likewise, provide information about the risks they might face and how to deal with them.
  • Provide decent work facilities

    Another thing that is not less important and also needs to consider is giving workers an excellent facility in the workplace. Starting with toilets, drinking water, places to put clothes, and adequate locations for eating and resting. Make sure the workplace in the room has good air circulation, is clean, gets enough light, and has sufficient room capacity so that workers do not jostle. Also, make sure that the work location has a first aid kit or accident kit (P3K) that is adequate and by the standards.

If occupational health and safety considered well, then worker productivity will be maintained. In the end, this can improve the welfare of both parties.

The Fact Breastfeeding Moms

The Fact Breastfeeding Moms

The Fact Breastfeeding Moms - Now more information is obtained by the Mother who is breastfeeding. Unfortunately, not all information is correct. Not a few things about breastfeeding that Mother is worried about is just a myth. Come on, know what information is nothing more than a legend and doesn't need to be trusted.

Knowledge can obtain from various places and people around the Mother. Including when relatives and friends visit and provide information about breastfeeding. Sometimes something is soothing, but many also make Mother confused and worried.

Relax, Bun, not everything needs to be swallowed whole. Study and refine the various information about breastfeeding that Mother received. Maybe, it's just a myth.

Myths About Improper Breastfeeding

To be able to breastfeed comfortably, it is essential to keep looking for the right information. Well, rather than being confused, let's look at things that Mother often hears, along with the facts:
  • Mothers who have just given birth cannot produce enough milk

The fact is natural if as a new mother it is difficult to produce breast milk (ASI) for 3-5 days after giving birth. Breast milk production will begin with the release of colostrum, which is a concentrated liquid with an ingredient that is important for newborns. Also, in the early days of birth, babies only need no more than two teaspoons of breast milk every time they drink, Bun.
  • Breastfeeding is painful.

In the first few weeks, the nipples still feel hard and are so sensitive that breastfeeding can be painful. However, if the position of the breastfeeding and the baby's mouth are correctly attached, it will not hurt anymore. If you are having difficulty, don't stop to ask for help from pro-ASI nurses, ASI counselors, or friends who have breastfed first.
  • Children who give ASI are more plump and smart.

One thing is sure, breast milk is rich in nutrients and contains antibodies that can protect the little one from infection. However, according to research, nothing shows that children who get ASI must have more or more intelligent weight than those who don't. The important thing is that the nutritional needs of the child are still well fulfilled. So it's normal if the ASI child is not too plump, it tends to be thinner than the child given formula milk.
  • Breasts need to rest so that the milk replenish.

The more often breastfeeding or pumping milk, the more breast milk will produce. Resting the breasts will reduce the supply of breast milk. For ASI production to run smoothly, diligently give ASI to the Little One. If you are not with your little one and your breasts feel full, you can also milk and store ASI as a backup.
  • Avoid giving breast milk (ASIP)

Mother can introduce bottles to babies at 2-6 weeks alternately. A day of breastfeeding directly, and a day with a bottle. He will learn to suckle from the container without losing the ability to nurse from the breast. Don't forget to keep holding and hugging the baby even though ASIP give with a bottle, Bun.
  • Small breasts do not produce enough milk.

Generally, breast size will change during pregnancy. However, even if it doesn't improve significantly, actually breast size is not related to the amount of milk produced or not. Women with large breasts can also experience difficulties while breastfeeding. So, regardless of the size of your breasts, keep trying to increase your milk supply for your little one.
  • Drinking formula milk makes the baby sleep better.

Infants who consume formula may tend to be fast asleep, but it's not a good thing. Is because the recipe harder to digest than breast milk. However, don't worry, on average after four weeks, newborns can sleep as long as those who drink formula milk.
  •  Mothers should stop breastfeeding if the baby is diarrhea.

Breast milk is very appropriate to protect the baby's digestive system. Giving breastmilk during diarrhea can help fight infection, and prevent babies from dehydration. Also, breastfeeding helps calm the baby.
  • Breastfeeding will make the breasts lose

This assumption is not entirely wrong, because, during breastfeeding, the breast filled with breast milk, so that breast tissue tends to enlarge. After passing through the breastfeeding period, stretched breast tissue may appear to relax in some people.

How to Deal With and Prevent Kidney Stones


How to Deal With and Prevent Kidney Stones

Kidney Stones - Kidney stones can irritate the urinary tract and cause pain when urinating. A kidney stone is a mineral-like precipitate formed in the kidney and can flow through the urinary tract. Knowing how to treat kidney stones can help you avoid dangerous complications.

The formation of kidney stones is generally only felt when kidney stones move or clog the ducts in the kidneys, or when the rocks flow in urine from the organs to the urinary tract.

Symptoms that may arise are low back or back pain, pain during urination, pain around the groin, urine that is red, brown, or pink, and nausea and vomiting.

Various Ways to Treat Kidney Stones

Kidney stones can be treated in several ways, depending on the size and cause. To deal with kidney stones that are small in format, you can consume as much as 2 to 3 liters of water or 8 to 10 glasses per day. This method can help rinse small deposits of kidney stones from your kidneys and urinary tract.

Besides drinking water, kidney stones can also treat in the following ways:

  • Take painkillers

    When kidney stones move from the kidney to the urinary tract, you may feel pain in the urinary tract. In this condition, you can take paracetamol or other pain relievers as instructed by your doctor, to relieve the pain experienced.
  • Get medical treatment

    To help deal with kidney stones, doctors can also provide alpha blockers. This treatment is useful for relaxing the urinary tract muscles, making it easier for kidney stones to come out of the body without causing pain.
  • Take herbal medicines

    As an alternative medicine, you can also take herbal medicines. One of them is herbal medicine which contains kejibeling leaves and dizzy leaves. Both plants include bioactive compounds of flavonoids and are believed to have properties to treat kidney stones. Although it has long used in Indonesia, further research is still needed to prove the effectiveness of this traditional treatment.

How to prevent kidney stones before it's too late

Kidney Stones - Before the formation of kidney stones in the body, please start to adopt a healthy diet and lifestyle. The easiest way to do this is to consume water and exercise regularly. You can also prevent kidney stones in the following ways:
  • Expand high calcium foods

    There are several types of foods that are high in calcium, including green vegetables such as spinach, broccoli, or bok choy, as well as sardines and salmon.
  • Reduce salt consumption

    Too much salt in urine will inhibit calcium absorption and increase the risk of kidney stones.
  • Avoid vitamin C supplements

    The habit of taking vitamin C supplements, especially men, causes the risk of kidney stones to increase. It's better to choose foods that contain vitamin C naturally.
  • Limit consumption of animal protein

    Animal protein found in poultry meat, pork, and some types of fish are acidic. If the acid content in urine increases, the risk of developing kidney stones increases.

Apart from functioning as an herbal treatment for kidney stones, dizzy leaves also have the potential to help prevent kidney stones. According to research, shaky leaves and kejibeling leaves can help overcome some disorders in the kidneys, including overcoming urinary tract stones and gallstones and preventing the deposition of minerals that become the origin of kidney stone formation. The combination of these two plants can also help prevent and shed kidney stones, and launch the urinary tract.

Given that kidney, organs have a function that is very important for the body, maintaining kidney health should not ignore. If you feel symptoms of kidney problems, including those caused by kidney stones, you should immediately see a doctor. Some people who have had kidney stones are likely to experience repeated kidney stone formation, so special treatment is needed to deal with this, such as surgery.

The Reason Of Headaches After Exercise


The Reason Of Headaches After Exercise

Headaches After Exercise - After or during exercise, the body should feel fresh. However, why does it sometimes feel a headache after doing certain sports?

Anyone can experience headaches after exercise for various reasons. Even so, there are people in certain conditions who are more at risk of suffering it. Come on, recognize why you know how to deal with and prevent this headache!

Two Types of Headaches after Exercise

Health experts classify headaches after or during exercise based on their causes into two types, namely:
  • A primary headache

This headache can arise when someone is exercising or having heavy physical activity. When using, the head muscles, scalp, and neck need more blood. This need is thought to make the blood vessels work other, causing headaches. Primary headaches are most often experienced by those who exercise with high intensity and have a history of migraines.
  • Secondary headaches

Headaches during exercise can cause by severe health problems, such as brain tumors or coronary artery disease, so they need to read immediately. This type of trouble usually accompanied by other symptoms, such as vomiting, loss of consciousness, visual disturbances, and stiff neck. Immediately consult a doctor if you feel these symptoms.

Other Causes of a Headache after Exercise

Apart from the above causes, headaches after exercise can also be affected by several other things, including:
  • Dehydration

Headaches during exercise can occur due to dehydration. People who are dehydrated must get medical attention immediately. Drinking drinks that contain sugar can make problems worse. Drink enough water or coconut water without sugar to prevent dehydration.
  •     Too long in the sun

Too long exposure to sunlight can lead to headaches. To relieve, rest in a room with dim or dark lighting. Compress the eyes and forehead with a washcloth soaked in cold water for several minutes. Also, you can try bathing with warm water.
  • Low blood sugar levels

Headaches After Exercise - Low sugar levels or hypoglycemia can occur if you eat less before exercise. As a result, the body lacks glucose, which is the primary energy source. People who experience this condition must immediately consume carbohydrates, such as cut fruit, juice, or bread.
  • Inappropriate sports techniques

Inappropriate techniques in exercising can put pressure on the neck and shoulder muscles, which then triggers a headache. Because of that, you have to make sure that you apply the right technique when exercising.
Preventing headaches after exercise

Headaches should not use as an excuse to avoid exercise. To reduce the risk of problems after exercise, you can apply several methods, including:

  • Warm up before exercise

Warming up before exercise can reduce the risk of headaches. Also, training with a professional trainer can help you improve your technique, so the risk of problems will decrease.
  • Pay attention to sports venues.

If you often experience headaches after exercise, avoid exercising at height and in a hot and humid place. Because some people only experience problems when doing sports in certain situations.
  • Nutritious foods and drinks

Eating whole foods at least 2 hours before exercise, avoiding sugar and refined carbohydrates, and adequate fluid requirements during training can help prevent headaches during or after use.
  • Use special equipment

To shield your face of the sun, try wearing sunglasses and a hat. Also, you can also bring a small bottle of cold water that can spray on your face.
  • Medicine from a doctor

If a headache is felt to be very disturbing, or unbearable, the doctor can give medication to overcome it. Under certain conditions, your doctor may be able to provide treatment to treat the cause and prevent headaches from reappearing after exercising.

If you do have a history of these complaints beforehand, try to avoid strenuous exercise. Also, try to apply the guidelines above so you can reduce the risk of headaches during training, so you can continue to burn calories healthy.

Lanugo Hair Smooth on Infant

Lanugo Hair Smooth on Infant

Lanugo Hair Smooth on Infant - We are seeing babies born with thick hair will give their happiness to parents. However, what if fine hair also grows on other body parts, such as your back, arms, and legs? This beautiful hair commonly refer to as lanugo.

Lanugo is fine hair that grows on the body of the fetus while still in the womb. This pigmented Lanugo usually starts to increase when the embryo enters the age of five months (around the period of 19 weeks). Towards birth, some of these fine hair will fall. However, in some cases, fine hair can still be carried away until the baby is born.

In general, Lanugo functions as a fetal body protector so as not to be submerged in amniotic water, regulate the body temperature of the fetus, protecting the fetal body, and facilitate waxy substances (vernix) attached to the skin of the fetus. Lanugo more often sees in babies born prematurely.

Can Lanugo in Babies Be Cured?

The appearance of fine hair in a baby is not a medical condition to worry about because this condition is the biological response of the fetus while in the womb. The growth of lanugo in this baby is not something that requires special medical care. Babies will abort fine hair naturally a few days or weeks after birth. Keep in mind, rubbing baby skin overgrown with lanugo is not an effective way to remove fine hair.

If this was still done, it could cause the baby's skin to become reddish and dry. Let the small hair in the body disappear by itself. However, if fine hair appears around his spine, immediately consult a pediatrician. It could be not lanugo, but a sign of a more serious neurological disorder.
Lanugo for Adults

If fine hair still grows in some parts of an adult's body, this can be a sign of a more serious health condition.

Excessive growth of fine hair in today's body is known as hypertrichosis lanuginosa. This disease characterized by the growth of fine hair around the eyebrows, forehead, ears, and nose of adults. Most causes of hypertrichosis lanuginosa in adults are not known precisely.

Lanugo Hair Smooth on Infant - This condition is often associated with certain medical conditions, such as malnutrition, eating disorders (anorexia), hyperthyroidism, HIV / AIDS, genetic disorders, and cancer. In addition to diseases, this condition is also thought to be caused by excessive hormone production in cancerous tissue and side effects of certain drugs, such as cyclosporine, phenytoin, interferon, spironolactone, and corticosteroids.

The way given depends on the severity of patients with lanuginose hypertrichosis and the causes. Some general therapies that can do, such as:

  • Use of eflornithine cream
  • The method of this cream aims to slow down excessive hair growth.
  • Waxing method
  • You can also use waxing as an alternative to excellent hair removal in an adult's body. However, before doing so, consult your dermatologist.
  • Mediate laser dermatology
  • This method is often used to remove tattoos and remove birthmarks. Also, the laser method is also known to be able to remove fine hair that grows in adults.
Patients with hypertrichosis lanuginosa caused by lack of nutrition will disappear by themselves after undergoing nutritional therapy and particular dietary recommendations from nutrition doctors. However, if fine hair on the body does not go away, immediately consult your dermatologist. The doctor will do a complete medical examination to find out for sure the causes of the growth of fine hair in your body

Why Kidney Leaked

Why Kidney Leaked

Why Kidney Leaked - Leaking kidneys are a term for ordinary people to describe the condition of the organs that emit too much protein in the urine. In the medical world, this term is better known as proteinuria. To understand more about leaking kidneys, see the following explanation.

Proteinuria or albuminuria is a state in which urine contains too much protein. Leaking of protein into the urine is usually caused by damage to small blood vessels (glomeruli) in the kidneys, so it cannot filter the blood properly.

Although dangerous, there is a tolerance limit for the presence of protein in the urine. The average normal limit of protein released in urine ranges from 5-10 mg per day. Meanwhile, the presence of protein in urine in the amount of 30-300 mg per day or exceeding 300 mg per day can indicate a disturbance in your kidney.

What are the Causes of Leaked Kidneys?

Certain diseases and conditions can cause the kidneys to leak, including:
  • Diabetic nephropathy

    Diabetic nephropathy can be one of the causes of leaky kidneys. When you have diabetes, the glomeruli in the kidneys will become thickened. As a result, glomeruli that play a role in filtering out metabolic substances and removing fluids from the body will decrease function. Is what makes protein albumin get carried into the urine. In the early stages, this disease may not show symptoms. Signs and symptoms of a new condition will felt when kidney damage is getting worse. Symptoms that can occur are a headache, fatigue, decreased appetite, and swelling in the legs.

  • Kidney infection

    Kidney infection or pyelonephritis can occur due to the transfer of bacteria from the lower urinary tract to the kidneys. The bacteria that most frequently cause urinary tract infections, namely E. coli, are a significant cause of kidney infections. Symptoms of kidney infection include shivering fever, pain when urinating, and the onset of illness around the abdomen, back, or waist.

    If not treated immediately, a kidney infection can cause severe complications in the form of scarring in the glomeruli. If this happens, the kidneys will lose their function and cause the protein to carry into the urine or the kidneys leak.

  • Lupus nephritis

    Lupus nephritis is inflammation of the kidneys that results from the influence of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) disease. Lupus itself is an autoimmune disease in which the immune system that is supposed to protect the body from illness, actually turns to attack the cells and organs of the organization itself. This condition can cause kidney inflammation, thus disrupting kidney function as a filter for waste from the body. 

As a result, blood, and protein did not filter properly. Os what causes blood and protein in the urine. Symptoms of lupus nephritis are generally not much different from other kidney disorders, such as the appearance of blood and protein in the urine, swelling of the legs, eyes, and stomach, and foaming and dark urine.
  • Preeclampsia

    Why Kidney Leaked - Preeclampsia is a complication about pregnancy characterized by the presence of high blood pressure (hypertension).  Pregnant women who suffer from preeclampsia can experience symptoms of upper abdominal pain, severe headaches, an increase in blood pressure (exceeding 140/90 mmHg), protein in the urine, and vision blurred. However, preeclampsia can sometimes occur without any symptoms.

  • Nephrotic syndrome

    Nephrotic syndrome is a kidney disorder that makes the body lose too much protein through urine. Although the nephrotic syndrome is rare, the condition that causes leaking kidneys can experience by anyone, both adults and children. Nephrotic syndrome results from damage to the glomeruli in the kidneys caused by inflammation, blockage of blood vessels, infections, to certain diseases, such as diabetes, lupus, and cancer. Symptoms of the nephropathic syndrome are protein in the urine, swelling throughout the body, susceptibility to infection, weakness, and foaming urine.

Leaky Kidney Symptoms

Leaking kidneys do not always show any signs or symptoms. Some sufferers even realize that their organs have leaked after undergoing blood tests, urine tests, and examination of kidney function. However, some signs can indicate you have a leaky kidney, namely:
  • The urine released is foamy or foamy. 
  • Swelling appears on parts of the body, such as the feet, hands, stomach, and face.
  • Easily tired.
  • Nausea or vomiting.
  • Frequent urination.
  • I have trouble sleeping or insomnia.
  • The skin becomes itchy and dry.
  • Difficulty concentrating.
  • Hard to breathe.
  • Gaggia

How To Troubleshoot Small Breasts

How To Troubleshoot Small Breasts

Small Breasts - At puberty, a woman's body will experience several changes. One of them is enlarged breasts. However, each woman's breast size is not the same; there are also those who have small or large breasts.

When women experience puberty, usually at the age of 8-13 years, the body will begin to produce and release the hormone estrogen. As a result, fat in the connective tissue in the breast also unites and enlarges. This extra fat causes women's breasts to start growing bigger. During this time women will even begin getting menstruation for the first time.

Women's breasts can continue to grow during adolescence and even until the early 20s. Enlarged breast size will be different for each woman. Some have large breasts, small breasts, even asymmetrical breasts, where the right and left breasts are of different sizes.

Causes of Small Breasts

Small breasts can cause by several factors below, including:
  • Descent

    If your mother's breast size is large, the chances are that you also have a large breast size. Vice versa, if your mother has small breasts.

  • Weight

    Having more fat in the body makes you more likely to have bigger breasts. Even when you begin to diligently lose weight by exercising and maintaining a diet, one of the members of the body that first shrinks are the breast.

  • Menopause

    When you approach menopause, your estrogen hormone levels drop dramatically. As a result, the glandular tissue in the breast also shrinks, and the chest becomes smaller, less dense, fattier, and sagging.

  • Breast hypoplasia

    It is a condition in which breast tissue does not develop properly to make small breast size. The cause of this disease not known with certainty, but it is thought to be caused by congenital abnormalities from birth, heredity, or side effects of radiation therapy in the chest area in childhood.

Ways to Overcome Small Breasts

If you have small breasts and feel disturbed, several ways can make your breasts look firmer and more prominent.
  • Sports

    Sports that focus on the chest, back and shoulder muscles are believed to help improve posture and tighten and strengthen the chest muscles behind the breast tissue. The following are exercises to stretch the chest muscles: 
  • Do push-ups 12 times, repeat three times.
  • Align your hands forward with your palms pressed together, then open until your hands are straight next to your shoulders. Repeat this movement for one minute.
  • Align your hands to the side, then make a circular motion back and forth for one minute each.
  • Bend your hands next to your shoulders to form a U-shape. Open and close your hands back and forth.
  • Sleep on your back, both hands holding dumbbells, both legs bent. Lift both sides up and down again 12 times, repeat three times.

  • Massaging the breast

    Small Breasts - Massaging the breast is thought to increase blood flow and stimulate collagen production in the chest. Later it can tighten the muscles and enhance the growth of breast tissue until the small breasts look big. However, this has not confirmed by scientific data and research.

    Breast enlargement surgery

    The only way that is sure to succeed in making small breasts fuller and tighter is to do breast augmentation surgery using implants. At least there are two types of breast implants, namely those containing sterile (saline) and silicone brine. Saline implants are believed to be safer to use than silicone implants. If it leaks, even if it's a little, silicone implants can damage the immune system. While saline implants will be safely absorbed or removed from the body. However, beforehand, find out the risks and costs of breast implants by consulting a doctor.

The effectiveness of each method of overcoming small breasts above is different. So far, the best level of efficiency in improving breast shape is surgery, because it has a permanent effect.

If you are not satisfied with small breasts, you can try some ways above to help change the shape of your breasts. However, to ensure that the form of small breasts is not due to a severe medical condition, you are advised to see a doctor.

What Is Urology Doctor?

What Is Urology Doctor?

Urology Doctor - A urologist is a specialist who studies the science of the urinary tract (urology). Urology is a field of medicine that focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of urinary tract diseases, both men and women.

To become a urology specialist, a general practitioner needs to continue his education in a urology specialist for approximately ten semesters to get an Sp.U (Urology Specialist) degree.

Urologists can diagnose and treat urinary tract disorders, either by administering drugs or by operating procedures.

Field of Work of Urologist

Urologists generally only treat conditions related to the urinary tract. Here are some subspecialties from the field of urology, namely:
  •     Male infertility (and urology)

    Focus on dealing with problems related to fertility and the health of male reproductive organs.
  •     Female Urology

    A urologist who focuses on female urinary tract disorders.
  •     Pediatric Urology

    A urologist who focuses on urinary tract problems in children.
  •     Neurourology

    A urologist who focuses on urinary tract problems caused by nervous system disorders.
  •     Urology Oncology

    A urologist who focuses on treating cancer or tumors in the urinary tract system, including bladder, kidney, prostate and testicular cancers.
  •     Reconstructive Urology

    The field of urology focuses on surgical techniques to improve the structure and function of the urinary tract.
  •     Endourology

    Urology medicine that treats urinary tract disorders, such as urinary tract stones, with minimally invasive methods (using small incisions).Urology Doctor - In addition to providing treatment, the urologist is responsible for providing education to prevent disease, evaluate the results of treatment, and treat the patient's condition after surgery.

If patients require special treatment, urologists can work with doctors from other specialties, such as oncologists, radiologists, internal medicine doctors, and obstetricians, to assist with the treatment process.

Diseases and Conditions Treated by a Urologist

The following are the conditions and diseases handled by the urologist based on the group of patients, namely:
  •     In men

    Cancer of the urinary tract (kidney, bladder, prostate gland, penis, testis, and adrenal gland), problems in the prostate such as enlarged prostate gland (BPH) and prostatitis, kidney disease including kidney stones and kidney failure, penile deformities such as phimosis and Peyronie's disease, urinary tract infection (UTI), and inflammation of the veins in the scrotum or varicocele, urinary incontinence, infertility, erectile dysfunction, and cystitis.

  •     In women

    Bladder prolapse, as well as cancers that occur in the bladder, kidneys and adrenal glands. Female urinary tracts that can also be treated by urologists include cystitis, kidney stones, overactive bladder, urinary tract infections, and urinary incontinence.

  •     In children

    Urinary tract disorders that cause the child to wet the bed, the urinary tract is blocked or has problems, hypospadias, and episodes, and the testicles do not go down.

A Urologist took actions.

In determining the diagnosis, the urologist will ask for the chief complaint or symptom of the disease experienced, then do a physical examination. After that, the urologist can recommend that you take several tests to determine the correct diagnosis, including:
  • Imaging tests, such as X-rays, urography, CT scans, MRI, or ultrasound, to check the urinary tract.
  • Photocopying or procedures using special examination equipment (cystoscopy), to see the channel and the birth
  • Laboratory tests, including complete blood tests and urine tests to look for bacteria that cause infection or see abnormal substances in the urine.
  • Urine residual test after urinating, to find out how fast urine exits the body when urinating. This test also shows the volume of urine left in the bladder after urinating.

After making a diagnosis, the urologist can prescribe medications and supplements to support treatment. However, under certain conditions, the urologist can advise patients to undergo surgery. The following types of operations performed by a urologist:

The Profession Of Radiology Specialist


The Profession Of Radiology Specialist

The Profession Of Radiology Specialist - Radiology or radiological experts are specialist doctors who focus on radiological examinations to detect, assist with diagnosis and treat diseases using imaging procedures, such as X-rays, CT scans, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), nuclear medicine, and ultrasound.

In Indonesia, to get a radiology specialist (Sp.Rad), a general practitioner must take a radiology specialist education program for seven semesters. Radiology is medical science that uses radiation to scan the inner body, to detect and treat diseases.

Field of Work for Radiologists

Radiology doctors have an important role in examining and diagnosing various abnormalities from all fields of medical specialization, especially surgery, orthopedics, internal medicine, child / pediatrics, pulmonology (pulmonary), cardiology (heart & blood vessels), neurology (nerve), ENT ( Ear, Nose and Throat), eyes, forensics, and obstetrics and gynecology. Radiological examination is carried out with different devices, according to indications and requests from the referring doctor.

Radiology medicine can divide into several main fields, namely:

General radiology (diagnostic radiology)

The field of radiology focuses on examining and diagnosing the causes and symptoms experienced by patients. This examination also plays a role in evaluating the condition and the results of patient care. The most common types of diagnostic radiological examinations include:


  • Ultrasound (Ultrasonography)
  • Fluoroscopy
  • Mammography (imaging X-rays of the breast)
  • Angiography (Special X-ray of arteries and veins)
  • CT (Computed Tomography) scan
  • MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging)
  • Positron Emission Tomography (PET imaging, PET scan, or PET-CT when combined with a CT scan)
  • Nuclear imaging.

Under certain conditions, radiology specialists will use particular substances called contrast substances to sharpen and improve image quality, so that detection and diagnosis of the disease can do better.

Scientifically, the general radiology field divides into several subspecialties, including:

  • Head and neck radiology
  • Chest radiology (thorax)
  • Child radiology
  • Radiology of the urinary tract and genital organs
  • Breast Radiology
  • Interventional radiology and blood vessel heart (cardiovascular)
  • Radiology of bones and muscles (musculoskeletal)
  • Gastrointestinal radiology
  • Neuroradiology or radiology of the nervous system and brain
  • Nuclear medicine

Radiology intervention

The Profession Of Radiology Specialist - In interventional radiology medicine, radiology specialists use imaging, such as CT scans, ultrasound, MRI, and fluoroscopy, to help guide specific medical procedures. This imaging is useful for assisting doctors too when installing a catheter or inserting a surgical instrument through a small incision into the patient's body.

Interventional radiological examinations are often involved in the treatment of cancer or tumors, blockages in arteries and veins, uterine fibroids, back pain, liver and kidney disease, lung disorders, urinary and gastrointestinal tract disorders, to brain problems such as strokes.

Interventional radiology procedures include angiography and ring placement (stenting) in blood vessels, embolization to control bleeding, tumor ablation, fine needle biopsy on specific organs, breast biopsy, placement of feeding tubes (NGT or nasogastric tube), until catheter access to venous access.

Radiology Oncology

The radiologist in this field is in charge of prescribing and supervising every treatment plan for cancer patients using radiation therapy (radiotherapy). The oncology radiology doctor will also monitor the progress of the patient's condition, and adjust the patient's treatment.

The assignment of a Radiologist

The main tasks of the radiology specialist include:
  • Determine the most effective and safe imaging test method for patients.
  • Carry out radiological examinations with the radiographer (radiology technician).
  • Analyze, evaluate, and read the results of the patient's radiological examination.
  • Determine the type of abnormality and the severity of the condition suffered by the patient.
  • Suggest a follow-up examination or treatment for the patient, if needed.

Clinical Authority of Radiologist

There are various clinical authorities in the radiology specialist. Following are the clinical authorities of the radiology specialist according to their fields:
  • Field of chest radiology (thorax)

The radiological examination procedure carried out includes conventional radiography (chest x-ray), chest CT scan, pleural ultrasound.
  • Musculoskeletal field

The radiological examination procedures performed include bone and muscle X-ray, bone CT scan, bone MRI, bone scan, and ultrasound (Doppler) joints and soft tissues.